Military forces and law enforcement agencies use armored vehicles worldwide to protect their personnel and equipment from harm. While the basic concept of an armored vehicle is simple – provide a protective shell around the occupants – the technology behind these vehicles is constantly evolving. This article will provide an overview of armored tactical vehicles, including the different types of armor, propulsion systems, and weapons.
The most critical component of an armored vehicle is the armor itself. The armor must be able to withstand a variety of threats, including gunfire, explosions, and even chemical or biological attacks. The most common materials used in armor are steel and aluminum, but advanced materials such as ceramics, Kevlar, and carbon fiber are also used.
The propulsion system of an armored vehicle is another critical component. The vehicle must be able to move quickly and maneuver effectively in various environments, including rough terrain and urban environments. Armored vehicles can be powered by diesel engines, gas turbines, or electric motors, depending on the intended use and performance requirements.
Armored vehicles often have weapons systems to provide offensive capabilities and protection. These weapons include machine guns, grenade launchers, and anti-tank missiles. Some armored vehicles are also equipped with smoke generators, infrared cameras, and other defensive systems to help protect against enemy attacks.
Types of armored vehicles
There are many types of armored vehicles, each with its own capabilities and intended uses. Some of the most common types of armored vehicles include:
Tanks are heavily armored vehicles designed for direct combat. They are equipped with large-caliber guns and can move quickly over rough terrain.
Infantry fighting vehicles (IFVs)
IFVs are armored vehicles designed to transport infantry troops into battle. They are equipped with weapons systems to support the troops they are carrying.
Armored personnel carriers (APCs)
APCs are designed to transport troops safely into combat zones. They are heavily armored and can be equipped with weapons systems to provide additional support.
Mine-resistant ambush protected (MRAP) Vehicles
MRAP vehicles are designed to protect troops from improvised explosive devices (IEDs) and other explosive devices. They are heavily armored and have a V-shaped hull to deflect the force of the blast away from the occupants.